- BACK OF THE BOOK
Stamps that are normally listed in the back of the catalog after the regular stamp issues. This might include air mail, special delivery, semi-official, official, postage due, local issues, stamped envelopes, post cards, essays, and revenue stamps.
A fictitious stamplike label created for sale to collectors. Bogus issues include labels for nonexistent countries, nonexistent values appended to regularly issued sets and issues for nations or similar entities without postal systems.
A comprehensive book or similar compilation with descriptive information to help identify stamps. Many catalogs include values for the listed items.
The marks place by postal authorities which may indicate date, rate, route, or place of the mailing.
- CHARITY SEALS
Stamplike labels that are distributed by a charity. They have no postal validity, although they are often affixed to envelopes. Christmas seals are one example.
Cinderella is a catch-all term to describe phantoms, fantasies, bogus items, municipal issues, exhibition seals, local revenues, transportation stamps, labels, poster stamps and many other types of items. Some cinderella collectors include in their collections local postage issues, telegraph stamps, essays and proofs, forgeries and counterfeits.
Special issues to honor important people or events.
Any stamp, cancellation or cover created for deception or imitation, intended to be accepted by others as genuine. A counterfeit stamp is designed to deceive postal authorities.
Canceled-to-order. Stamps are "canceled to order,'' usually in full sheets, by many governments. The cancels may be printed on the stamps at the same time that the stamp design is printed. A stamp with a cancel and with full gum is likely a CTO stamp, as CTOs do not see actual postal use. CTO stamps are sold to stamp dealers at large discounts from face value.
- CUT SQUARE - CUT-OUT
A neatly trimmed rectangular or square section from a stamped envelope that includes the imprinted postage stamp with ample margin. Collectors generally prefer to collect stationery as entire pieces rather than as cut squares. Some older stationery is available only in cut squares.
A reproduction of a genuine stamp or cover. Such items are usually made with no intent to deceive collectors or postal officials. Catalog illustrations may also be considered facsimiles.
A stamp, cover or cancel that has been altered or concocted to appeal to a collector. In a broad sense, fakes include repairs, reperforations and regummed stamps, as well as painted-in cancels, bogus cancels or counterfeit markings. Sometimes entire covers are faked.
A fantasy is an adhesive created for a nonexistent stamp-issuing authority. Fantasy items range from imaginary countries (Kingdom of Sedang, Principality of Trinidad or Torres Straits), to non-existent locals (Winans City Post), or nonexistent transportation lines. On the other hand, if the entity exists and may have issued stamps, was known to have issued other stamps, the items are considered bogus stamps.
A revenue stamp or similar label denoting the payment of tax. Fiscals are ordinarily affixed to documents and canceled by pen, canceler or mutilation. Because of their similarity to postage stamps, fiscals have occasionally been used either legally or illegally to prepay postage. See also Postal fiscal, Revenues.
A completely fraudulent reproduction of a postage stamp. There are two general types of forgeries: those intended to defraud the postal authorities , and those intended to defraud the collectors (see also Bogus).
- LIGHTLY HINGED
A stamp with full gum with only slight evidence of hinge marks or disturbance.
A stamp in the same condition as the day that it was printed.
- MINT NEVER HINGED (MNH)
A stamp that has never been hinged.
Stamps perforated through the face with identifying initials, designs or holes in coded positions. Perfins are normally used by a business or government office to discourage pilferage or misuse of stamps by employees. Perfins may be either privately or officially produced.
- PHANTOM PHILATELY
The collection of bogus stamps. The name is derived from Frederick Melville's book Phantom Philately, one of the pioneer works on bogus issues.
- POSTAL STATIONARY
Aerogrammes, envelopes or postal cards with a stamp design embossed or printed on them.
Stamps issued by the Post Office with words or lines printed thereon which prevent further use of the stamp.
Revenues are stamps representing payment of tax. Revenues come in several forms. The first were directly embossed onto documents. Others were printed directly onto documents, often large ornate designs such as those of the Indian States. In the mid-19th Century, it was recognised that adhesive revenues (like postage stamps) would be an advantage in use (saving taking documents to a stamping office) and adhesive revenues have become the mainstream of revenue production and revenue collecting.
- SOUVENIR SHEET
A small sheet of stamps with a special commemorative inscription or decorative border.
The condition of a stamp when it has been cancelled.